U.S. Treasury and Federal Reserve Introduce New 50 Dollar Bill Redesigned Note Includes Low-Vision Feature
The redesigned 50 dollar note and consequent denominations will include a large dark numeral on a light background on the back of the note that will make it easier for the more than 3.7 million Americans with low vision to denominate the note. The feature will also be useful to the 10 million Americans with milder forms of visual impairment and other users of U.S. currency in low-light situations. In a January 1995 study solicited by the Treasury Department's Bureau of Engraving and Printing, the National Academy of Sciences recommended incorporation of the feature.
Last year's introduction of a new design was a critical and effective step in an ongoing process to maintain the security of the nation's currency as technologies such as color copiers, scanners and printers become more sophisticated and accessible. In the new note's first year, the U.S. Secret Service identified counterfeit series 1996 100 dollar notes only 1/18 as often as older series 100 dollar notes. By the end of the first year, however, new series notes represented over a third of all 100 dollar notes in circulation.
The addition of a feature for those with low vision to identify readily the note's denomination is equally significant. All consequent denominations (20 dollars, 10 dollars, etc.) will include this low-vision feature, as will future redesigns of the 100 dollar note. The redesigned 20 dollar note will be issued next year.
"With this redesign, government demonstrates its ability to stay ahead of the technology curve and meet the needs of all those people around the world who use and trust our currency," Secretary Rubin said. "At the same time, the new notes retain their basic American look and feel."
The new series 100 dollar bill was issued in March 1996. Like the 100 dollar, the new 50 dollar will replace the older series notes gradually in circulation; as older notes reach the Federal Reserve from depository institutions, they will be replaced by the newer notes. About 46.5 billion dollars in 50 dollar notes is currently in circulation. Secretary Rubin and Chairman Greenspan stressed the United States will not recall or devalue any of the existing currency.
We expect as smooth an introduction process as we experienced last year, when millions of users of U.S. currency embraced the new 100 dollar notes, Chairman Greenspan said. As with the 100 dollar note, older notes will not be recalled or devalued.
In order to make room for the new features, the overall architecture of the note has been changed somewhat and the borders simplified. Microprinting and security threads, which first appeared in the 1991 series currency, have been effective deterrents and will appear in the new notes. The new and modified 50 dollar note features include:
-- A large numeral 50 on the back of the note.
-- A larger portrait, moved off-center to create more space for a watermark.
-- The watermark to the right of the portrait depicting the same historical figure as the portrait. The watermark can be seen only when held up to the light.
-- A security thread to the right of the portrait that glows yellow when exposed to ultraviolet light in a dark environment. USA fifty and a flag, which itself contains microprinting, are printed on the thread. (In the 100 dollar, the thread is to the left of the portrait and glows red, and is printed with the words USA 100.)
-- Color-shifting ink in the numeral on the lower right-hand corner of the bill front that changes from green to black when viewed from different angles.
-- Microprinting in the border and in Ulysses Grant's shirt collar in the 50 dollar note. (In the 100 dollar note, microprinting is found in the numeral in the note's lower left-hand corner and on Benjamin Franklin's lapel.)
-- Concentric fine-line printing in the background of the portrait and on the back of the note. This type of printing is difficult to copy well.
-- Other features for machine authentication and processing of the currency.
In addition to the low-vision feature on the note back, the 50 dollar looks different in several other ways. The engraving of the capitol has been enlarged to include more detail, and reflects an accurate contemporary view of the west front of the capitol. The security thread images and characters are also printed in two different heights.
Over 400 billion dollars in U.S. currency is in circulation, two-thirds of it overseas. The U.S. Information Agency and U.S. consular posts around the world will help educate foreign users of US. currency about the redesign program.
Fact sheets on the new note, the history of U.S. currency and related agencies are available on Treasury's interactive fax at (202) 622-2040 (for an index, request document number 1745) and on the Treasury's website: www.ustreas.gov/treas/whatsnew/.