Joint Communique of the United States of America and the People's Republic of China 1982
Joint Communique of the United States of America and the People's Republic of China (the 1982 Communique)
August 17, 1982
- In the Joint Communique on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations on
January 1, 1979, issued by the Government of the United States of America and
the People's Republic of China, the United States of America recognized the
Government of the People's Republic of China as the sole legal Government of
China, and it acknowledged the Chinese position that there is but one China and
Taiwan is part of China. Within that context, the two sides agreed that the
people of the United States would continue to maintain cultural, commercial,
and other unofficial relations with the people of Taiwan. On this basis,
relations between the United States and China were normalized.
- The question of United States arms sales to Taiwan was not settled in the
course of negotiations between the two countries on establishing diplomatic
relations. The two sides held differing positions, and the Chinese side stated
that it would raise the issue again following normalization. Recognizing that
this issue would seriously hamper the development of United States - China
relations, they have held further discussions on it, during and since the
meetings between President Ronald Reagan and Premier Zhao Ziyang and between
Secretary of State Alexander M. Haig, Jr. and Vice Premier and Foreign Minister
Huang Hua in October 1981.
- Respect for each other's sovereignty and territorial integrity and
non-interference in each other's internal affairs constitute the fundamental
principles guiding United States China relations. These principles were
confirmed in the Shanghai Communique of February 28, 1972 and reaffirmed in the
Joint Communique on the Establishment Of Diplomatic Relations which came into
effect on January 1, 1979. Both sides emphatically state that these principles
continue to govern all aspects of their relations.
- The Chinese Government reiterates that the question of Taiwan is China's
internal affair. The Message to Compatriots in Taiwan issued by China on January
1, 1979 promulgated a fundamental policy of striving for peaceful reunification
of the motherland. The Nine-Point Proposal put forward by China on September 30,
1981 represented a further major effort under this fundamental policy to strive
for a peaceful solution to the Taiwan question.
- The United States Government attaches great importance to its relations with
China, and reiterates that it has no intention of infringing on Chinese
sovereignty and territorial integrity, or interfering in China's internal
affairs, or pursuing a policy of "two Chinas" or "one China, one Taiwan." The
United States Government understands and appreciates the Chinese policy of
striving for a peaceful resolution of the Taiwan question as indicated in
China's Message to Compatriots in Taiwan issued on January 1, 1979 and the
Nine-Point Proposal put forward by China on September 30, 1981. The new
situation which has emerged with regard to the Taiwan question also provides
favorable conditions for the settlement of United States - China differences
over United States arms sales to Taiwan.
- Having in mind the foregoing statements of both sides, the United States
Government states that it does not seek to carry out a long-term policy of arms
sales to Taiwan, that its arms sales to Taiwan will not exceed, either in
qualitative or in quantitative terms, the level of those supplied in recent
years since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the United States
and China, and that it intends gradually to reduce its sale of arms to Taiwan,
leading, over a period of time, to a final resolution. In so stating, the United
States acknowledges China's consistent position regarding the thorough
settlement of this issue.
- In order to bring about, over a period of time, a final settlement of the
question of United States arms sales to Taiwan, which is an issue rooted in
history, the two Governments will make every effort to adopt measures and create
conditions conducive to the thorough settlement of this issue.
- The development of United States - China relations is not only in the
interests of the two peoples but also conducive to peace and stability in the
world. The two sides are determined, on the principle of equality and mutual
benefit, to strengthen their ties in the economic, cultural, educational,
scientific, technological and other fields and make strong, joint efforts for
the continued development of relations between the Governments and peoples of
the United States and China.
- In order to bring about the healthy development of United States - China
relations, maintain world peace and oppose aggression and expansion, the two
Governments reaffirm the principles agreed on by the two sides in the Shanghai
Communique and the Joint Communique on the Establishment of Diplomatic
Relations. The two sides will maintain contact and hold appropriate
consultations on bilateral and international issues of common
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